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Viter des nosyt (Blowin' in the Wind)

Скільки доріг потрібно пройти,
Перш ніж людиною стати?
Скільки потрібно летіти морів
Пташці, щоб у теплі спати?
Скільки снарядів підніметься ввись,
Перш ніж їх заборонять назовсім?
Відповідь, друже, вітер десь поніс,
Відповідь вітер десь носить.

Скільки повинна стояти гора,
Перш ніж її змиє море?
Скільки житимуть люди у кайданах,
Перш ніж отримають волю?
Скільки будемо погляд відводити вниз,
Мов нічого не бачимо й досі?
Відповідь, друже, вітер десь поніс,
Відповідь вітер десь носить.

Скільки вгору потрібно дивитись разів,
Щоб помітити там небеса?
Скільки потрібно ще вух голові,
Щоб чути людей у сльозах?
Скільки душ ще повинно здійнятись увись,
Щоб збагнули – смертей було досить?
Відповідь, друже, вітер десь поніс,
Відповідь вітер десь носить.

Translate by Yuriy Veres. Arangement by Kamyaniy gist (album 60/70, 2012).


Blowin' in the Wind (Song by Bob Dylan)

How many roads must a man walk down
Before you call him a man?
How many seas must a white dove sail
Before she sleeps in the sand?
How many times must the cannonballs fly
Before they are forever banned?
The answer, my friend, is blowing in the wind,
The answer is blowing inthe wind.

How many years can a mountain exist
Before it is washed to the sea?
How many years can some people exist
Before the're allowed to be free?
How many times can a man turn his head,
Pretending he justdoesn't see?
The answer, my friend, is blowing in the wind,
The answer is blowing inthe wind.

How many times must a man look up
Before he can see the sky?
How many ears must one man have
Before he can hear people cry?
How many deaths will it take
Till he knows that too many peoplehave died?
The answer, my friend, is blowing in the wind,
The answer is blowing in the wind.

"Blowin 'in the Wind" is a popular song by American singer and poet Bob Dylan, released in 1963. Was released in the album "The Freewheelin 'Bob Dylan", and also as a separate single. In 1999, the song received a Grammy award and was included in the Grammy Hall of fame. The song occupies the 14th place in the list of "500 best songs of all time by the magazine Rolling Stone". The official release of the song "Blowin' In The Wind" was held on 27 may 1963 on the label "Columbia Records". The genre of music this song musicologists define as folk. In 1960-ies "Blowin' In The Wind" became the anthem of the civil rights movement in the U.S., because this song is revealed themes such as war and peace, freedom and happiness. The chorus of the song "the Answer my friend is in the air" (eng. The answer, my friend, is blowin 'in the wind), has been described by musicologists as "ambiguous". In the chart "Billboard" in July 1963 song "Blowin' In The Wind" took the 2nd place. Many singers and musicians later performed their cover versions of the song Bob Dylan. Their version of this song recorded these kind of musicians, like Marlene Dietrich, Elvis Presley, "Peter, Paul and Mary", "The Hollies", Duke Ellington, Neil young, Stevie wonder and Dolly parton, and others.

In 1997, Dylan was invited to the Vatican at the international Congress of the Catholic Church, where he sang three other songs ("Knockin' on heaven's Door", "A Hard Rain''s A-Gonna Fall" and "Forever Young"), but Pope John Paul II, are probably familiar with his work, mentioned the song "Blowin' in the Wind". He called it perhaps one of the most famous songs of Dylan, which became the anthem for many young people seeking the meaning of life in 1960-ies. In a speech before a crowd of 300,000 young Italian Catholics, the Pope mentioned "Blowin' in the Wind", saying that "the answer is undoubtedly in the wind", but not the one that blows and "in the wind of the Holy spirit that will lead to Christ". Dylan, singing songs, took off his beige cowboy hat and ascended the stage to greet John Paul. "Blowin' in the Wind" especially raised the flag during the struggle against the war in Vietnam in the second half of the 1960s. In the 1960-70s, many Protestant churches began to perform this song as a hymn. Bob Dylan at different times was listed as an agnostic, then a Christian convert. He also attends Jewish religious activities.

Original name of this song sounded like "Nine questions" (eng. Nine Questions). And only then it was called on the line from the chorus. At the beginning of the song consisted of two verses, and her first public performance took place on 16 April 1962 in "Gerde's Folk City" (coffee club in Greenwich village), new York, with the two verses preserved in bootlegers records. Shortly after this speech, Dylan added in the middle of another verse. Printed the 2nd and 3rd verses are often listed in the wrong order. The probable reason for this is that Dylan added a third verse to his original manuscript, deciding not to create a copy of the work changes. According to Dylan, the inspiration for this song was old spiritual "No More Auction Block". The song lyrics was first published in may 1962 in the sixth issue of the magazine "music from broadside". The magazine founded by Pete Seeger and devoted to popular songs of today. Dylan first performed the song on British television in January 1963. Then the musician took part in the television drama "bi-Bi-si" — "madhouse on castle Street".

In June 1962 the history of the songs included in the book "Sign Out!" Reviews of Bob Dylan:

"About the history of this song, I can tell you a little. It is only important that the answer is "blowing in the wind". This answer can be found in any book, movie, TV show or discussion group. Man, it's just the wind — and it's blowing in the wind. Many knowledgeable people trying to convince me that the answer to my question exists, but I refuse to believe it. As before I argue that the answer knows only the wind. Our main problem is that we do not seek to find this answer, and even when we think we are very close to it... this answer again flies like the wind. This can be compared with the actions of criminals — those who are completely insane when they know that you are wrong, but do it anyhow. I'm only 21, and I realize that I know a little... Those who are over 21, you're older and smarter."

The lyrics, perhaps written under the influence of the old Testament, the book of the prophet Ezekiel 12:1-2. (Compare 12:1-2 this passage from the songs written by Dylan, "How many ears does a man need to hear ... How many times can a man turn away before you see? ..."). Music critic Michael gray has suggested that the lyrics of the song is an example of combining Dylan biblical text. A particular rhetorical form deployed in the New Testament is the basis of the text from the book of the prophet Ezekiel.

"Blowin' in the Wind" became world famous when the song zapisala American folk trio "Peter, Paul and Mary", producer of which was Dylan's Manager, albert Grossman. The single had an incredible sales figures of 300 000 copies in its first week. July 13, 1963, the song won 2nd place in the hit parade "Billboard", sales exceeded one million copies. One of the members of the trio, Peter yarrow, recalled that when he told Dylan that he can get more $ 5,000 from copyright to this song, Dylan said nothing. Version of "Peter, Paul and Mary" also spent five weeks in the charts for "Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks". "Blowin 'in the Wind" is considered an anthem of the civil rights movement of the 1960s. In September 2005 the BBC showed a documentary film by Martin Scorsese "No direction home: Bob Dylan" about the life and career of a young Dylan. In the documentary one of the activists of this movement and gospel singer Mavis Staples describes her surprise when she first heard this song — she could not understand how a young white man could write a song so expressively convey the hopes and aspirations of blacks.

Impressed by songs star the rhythm and the Blues Sam Cooke wrote the Central work of the soul music of the 1960s — "A Change Is Gonna Come", a majestic anthem of the struggle of blacks for equality. The record entered the "concert" album in 1964 — "Live At the Copacabana". However, the main performer of songs of Dylan in these years was his bride, Joan Baez, a significant portion of the repertoire which at the time belonged to Peru Dylan.

Music critic Andy Gill writes:

"Release "Blowin' in the Wind" became the top of composition Dylan's career. In comparison with such overly simple songs like The Ballad of Donald White The Death of Emmett Till, Blowin' in the Wind markedly different in their background. For example, the song the Ballad of Donald White, though full of words, but the meaning of the song was uncertain. "Blowin' in the Wind", by contrast, had a more specific, deep meaning. She touches on the theme of freedom, and today is one of the few songs with which is inseparably connected with the name Bob Dylan, the eternal fighter for civil rights.".

In 1975, the text of the song was included in the textbook English for secondary school in Sri Lanka. It is known that in those years there were disputes about the replacement of this poem to other, more pertinent, what was, in the opinion of the editors, the work of William Shakespeare. During protest demonstrations in the U.S. against the war in Iraq, many observers noted that the demonstrators do not sing new songs, preferring "Blowin' in the Wind" and others like her old songs.